Screening for colon cancer is important for adults 50-up. If you are under age 75, you should ask your doctor if colon screening is necessary. Colon cancer screening helps detect colorectal cancer. People who are at an increased risk of colorectal cancer should make certain they talk to their doctor and protect themselves. Several different types of charleston colon cancer screening exist. Those include:
· Colonoscopy: The most common screening doctors use to detect colorectal cancer is the colonoscopy. A thin, flexible lighted tube is used to detect cancer or polyps inside the rectum. The doctor can remove any polyps found and some cancers as well. This test is needed once every 10 years unless there are increased risks.
· CT Colonography: This is also known as a virtual colonoscopy. It uses computers and an X-Ray machine to produce images of the colon the doctor then analyzes the X-Rays. This test is needed every five years for the best results.
· Stool Tests: A stool test, also known as a guaiac-based fecal occult blood test (gFOBT) uses a chemical guaiac to detect any signs of blood in the stool. This test is done yearly. The test kit is taken home where a stool is collected. The kit is returned to the doctor where it is then sent to a lab where antibodies detect the presence of blood in the stool.
· Flexible Sigmoidoscopy: This test is similar to a colonoscopy since the doctor uses a lighted tube to look for cancer or polyps in the colon and rectum. This test is needed once every five years.
Colon screening protects you against colorectal cancer and there are many tests available to make the detection. Talk to your doctor to learn more about the options and stay healthy, longer!